Other particular facts and circumstances may require combined financial statements, an equity method of accounting, or valuation allowances in order to achieve a fair presentation.
In any case, the disclosures required by § 210.3A-03 should clearly explain the accounting policies followed by the registrant in this area, including the circumstances involved in any departure from the normal practice of consolidating majority owned subsidiaries and not consolidating entities that are less than majority owned.
After a stock acquisition by the parent company, the subsidiary continues to maintain separate accounting records.
But in reality, the parent company controls the subsidiary, so it no longer operates completely independently.
In other situations, consolidation of an entity, notwithstanding the lack of technical majority ownership, is necessary to present fairly the financial position and results of operations of the registrant, because of the existence of a parent-subsidiary relationship by means other than record ownership of voting stock.
Generally, registrants shall not consolidate any entity whose financial statements are as of a date or for periods substantially different from those of the registrant.
In deciding upon consolidation policy, the registrant must consider what financial presentation is most meaningful in the circumstances and should follow in the consolidated financial statements principles of inclusion or exclusion which will clearly exhibit the financial position and results of operations of the registrant.
There is a presumption that consolidated statements are more meaningful than separate statements and that they are usually necessary for a fair presentation when one entity directly or indirectly has a controlling financial interest in another entity.
You define one consolidation mapping for each subsidiary.
If you want to change how a subsidiary consolidates to your parent, change the subsidiary’s consolidation mapping before you transfer the data.
Functional currency issues SFAS 52 introduced the concept of functional currency, defined as "the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates; normally, that is, the currency of the environment in which an entity primarily generates and expends cash." For example Z company's subsidiary Y company deals with 5 countries. All these Transactions are often translated at the spot rate, i.e., the rate of exchange between the transaction currency and the functional currency on the date of the transaction.
To consolidate multiple sets of books that have different functional currencies, accounting calendars, or charts of accounts, you must first map your subsidiaries’ charts of accounts to your parent’s chart of accounts.
Note that your are consolidating average balances.. If you have average balance processing enabled, your parent should be defined as a non–consolidation set of books with average balances enabled.